The country came under British domination gradually following the fist Anglo Burmese war in 1824. The strife was, however, complete only 1886 when the ruling king and his family were sent to India in exile. Burma then became a province of British India. The country underwent a drastic change and religion was separated from administration for the very first time. The resistance to British rule continued though and the entire area was brought firmly under control in 1890 by the British who completely crushed the old order and brought in their own civil servants to govern the province.
The economy of Burma prospered predominantly by virtue of its fertile rice fields, which were put to cultivation. However, it was the British Empire and Indian migrants who reaped the benefits and the original Burmese remained poor and deprived. Several nationalist revolutions took place during the period 1920- 1930 and the British separated it from India in 1937 in order to administer it better.
World War II provided an opportunity for the Burmese to oppose the British Dominion. The Japanese entered the area with the help of Burma Independence Army in 1942. However, the Japanese occupation was short-lived as the Burmese quickly became disillusioned with them. They successfully routed the Japanese in 1945 by joining with the Allies.